In the past year alone, networks have passed on series by Deadwood auteur David Milch, Being John Malkovich screenwriter Charlie Kaufman, and comedy gods Tina Fey, Lorne Michaels and Paul Feig. Why do so many shows never make it to your TV? What have we been missing?
"It's a terrible system, and I don't know anyone but agents who likes it," says Oz and Homicide showrunner Tom Fontana. "Every year, I watch the pilots of the shows that failed – and they're often my favorite ones. I'm always just kind of heartbroken."
A lot of the heartbreak stems from the networks' anachronistic factory system: a brutal annual creative gauntlet devised in the 1950s to attract ads for the fall's new cars. The Darwinian odds of a show making it are minuscule. "Let's say each year there are 5,000 pitches," says Fontana. "Maybe a thousand get to the script stage. Out of those, maybe a network will spend money on 10 or so pilots."
Of those 10 or fewer pilots at each network, many will never be seen outside conference rooms or test screenings. "I had a pilot for CBS that we made with a great cast that took on Wall Street and called them archcriminals, which they are," says John Cusack. "They spent $8 million making it and then didn't put it out."
Because of the tournament-style timeline, every year producers have to fight over the same actors and creative teams, often shooting pilots with a third-choice actor because the perfect actor is already committed to a show that probably won't survive the process, either. "As much as we wish there were, say, an enormous number of hilarious 30-year-old people, and there's a lot, there's only a few who are unbelievable," says Judd Apatow. "There's 30 pilots, so 27 of them are not getting the right person."
Of course, there are a million reasons a series can die, from bad writing to meddling executives and egomaniacal showrunners. But, knowing that HBO passed on Mad Men before it ended up at AMC, it's hard not to imagine an alternate reality where Apatow had been able to get all his shows on television. Apatow gave Rolling Stone an exclusive look at his hilarious 2001 comedy North Hollywood. "ABC couldn't have cared less," says Apatow. "Not one person said, 'Let's find a way to make it work.' They canceled it like it was nothing."
With so many promising ideas never making it to your screen, here are a few of the greatest misses of recent years.