2020 Democratic Candidates: Where Do They Stand on Key Policy Issues? – Rolling Stone
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The RS Politics 2020 Democratic Primary Policy Guide

Where all 20 candidates stand on health care, the climate crisis, closing the wealth gap, and more

Former Vice President Joe Biden, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders.

Matthew Putney/AP/Shutterstock; Paul Sancya/AP/Shutterstock; Ronen Tivony/SOPA Images/Shutterstock

The collection of Democrats vying to win the party’s nomination to take on President Trump in 2020 is larger and more diverse than any group of White House hopefuls since the modern primary process began. The field of two dozen candidates includes six senators, two members of the House of Representatives, three mayors, a governors, a handful of former lawmakers, a former vice president, a former tech executive, a self-help guru, six women, six people of color, and a 37-year-old trying to become America’s first LGBTQ president.

Just as diverse are the candidates’ prescriptions for how to cure the United States of its worsening case of Trumpism. The more progressive wing of the party, led by Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders, is calling for a single-payer health care system while pushing for higher taxes on the wealthiest Americans. Moderate Democrats, led by current frontrunner Joe Biden, prefer a more tempered stance focused on formulating bipartisan solutions they argue are more practical. Others, like former tech executive Andrew Yang, who has called for a “Freedom Dividend” that would give every American $1,000 per month, and self-help guru Marianne Williamson, who wants to establish a Department of Peace, are hoping Democratic voters are willing to embrace a more outside-the-box approach.

Below is a guide to where all 20 candidates stand on a variety of crucial issues. Scroll through at your convenience or click a candidate’s name to jump directly to their policy positions. For a look at where the candidates stand in the marathon horse race to secure the party’s nomination, check out the RS Politics 2020 Democratic Primary Leaderboard. Both guides will be updated as the primary progresses and candidates continue to develop policy positions.


JOE BIDEN | ELIZABETH WARREN | KAMALA HARRIS | BERNIE SANDERS |  PETE BUTTIGIEG | CORY BOOKER | JULIÁN CASTROAMY KLOBUCHAR | BETO O’ROURKETULSI GABBARDANDREW YANG | BILL DE BLASIO | MARIANNE WILLIAMSONSTEVE BULLOCK | JOHN DELANEY | MICHAEL BENNETTIM RYANWAYNE MESSAM

Democratic presidential candidate Steve Bullock speaks during the Iowa Democratic Party's Hall of Fame Celebration, in Cedar Rapids, IowaElection 2020 Iowa, Cedar Rapids, USA - 09 Jun 2019

Steve Bullock


Campaign Cash

Bullock has based his campaign largely on tackling dark money in politics. “Our nation is founded on the basic idea that every American’s voice matters,” his website reads. “Yet too often it’s those who can cut the biggest checks who wield the greatest influence. Fighting against the toxic influence of money in politics has been the fight of Governor Bullock’s career. And he’s just getting started.”

Bullock has said that on his first day in office he will sign an executive order “requiring every company to disclose every dollar they spend or contribute to influence our elections if they want to do business with the largest contractor in the nation — the federal government.” He has also pledged to empower watchdog agencies go after groups that seek to “corrupt our elections,” ban Super PACs, pass the Disclose Act and work to overturn Citizens United.

Medicare-for-All

When he was asked last year in New Hampshire whether he supported Medicare-for-All, Bullock said that “health care ought to be affordable, accessibly and of quality. How we get there, there’s any number of different paths.”

Closing the Wealth Gap

“400 of the richest Americans own more wealth than the bottom 60% of people,” Bullock tweeted in June. “At the same time, the average worker hasn’t had a real wage increase in 40 years. Every American deserves a fair shot at success, not just the wealthy.”

The Climate Crisis

Bullock does not support the Green New Deal, telling the Washington Post that “we can do better with a more focused plan,” and that “we should significantly increase renewable energy, reverse the Trump Administration’s cuts to fuel efficiency standards and expand them to address the 37% of emissions that come from transportation, improve energy efficiency which could account for 30% of our overall goal, and follow the IPCC’s recommendation to invest in carbon capture.”

Guns

Bullock was hesitant to adopt many of the gun safety measures popular among Democrats, but has recently been more open to reform. He said in 2018 that he supports universal background checks and magazine size restrictions. “As governor, I hear directly from the people I serve,” he wrote for the Great Falls Tribune. “They want action. They recognize that like most policy issues, there is no single proposal or prescription that will solve the issue of gun safety. But they are tired of the enormity and complexity of the challenge being the excuse for inaction.”

Immigration

In 2017, Bullock was one of 11 governors to sign a letter urging Congress to take steps to protect the status of undocumented immigrants brought to America as children. He’s continued to advocate for Dreamers since announcing his campaign.

Free College

As governor of Montana, Bullock froze the cost of public college tuition. In April, he wrote a Medium post detailing how difficult it was to deal with his own student debt burden, and how crucial it is for students to be able to pursue an affordable education. “The next generation of Americans, my kids and their classmates, must be able to pursue an education and their American dream with the same faith in their future opportunity that I was able to have,” he wrote.

He has continued to advocate for affordable education while on the campaign trail. “Student debt has doubled in the last decade,” he said while in Iowa in May. “It’s $1.4 trillion — the average 2017 graduate has $28,000 of student loans, we’ve got to turn around and make college more affordable and accessible.”

Abolishing the Electoral College

Bullock has not been as enthusiastic as some of his competitors about abolishing the Electoral College. “Rather than upending something that’s been around since the start of our country, I’d rather turn around and say, why is it that we’re not winning in certain places?” he said while campaigning in Iowa. “I would much rather say, why aren’t we winning in places like Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa?”

Packing the Supreme Court

Bullock has said that he is willing to considering various types of Supreme Court reform, including imposing term limits and adding justices. “I’m open to trying to say, how can we actually make sure that that court isn’t reflective of politics?” he told the New York Times in June.

Reproductive Rights

“I begin from the premise that a woman should be able to make her own health decisions, in consultation with her doctor, if she chooses her family and faith,” Bullock told the Washington Post in May, adding that the restrictive bills passed in Alabama and Missouri “not only an attack on Alabama but an attack on women having domain in over their body.”

Democratic presidential candidate and former Rep. John Delaney, D-Md., speaks at the Heartland Forum held on the campus of Buena Vista University in Storm Lake, IowaElection 2020 John Delaney, Storm Lake, USA - 30 Mar 2019

John Delaney


Medicare-for-All

Though Delaney writes on his website that he believes healthcare is a “fundamental right” and that he is “proposing a universal health care plan,” he is not in favor of some of the more progressive Medicare-for-All options backed by candidates like Bernie Sanders. Delaney’s plan involves providing every American under 65 with basic public health insurance. Americans would be able to opt out of public healthcare and receive a tax credit if they want to buy insurance from a private provider, or buy additional insurance from a private provider to supplement their government-provided insurance.  Medicare would remain in place for Americans over 65.

In June, Delaney was booed for saying Medicare-for-All is not “good policy nor is it good politics” while speaking at a California Democrats convention. The issue is one of several around which Delaney has staked his position as perhaps the most moderate Democrat in the field of candidates.

The Climate Crisis

In May, Delaney unveiled a $4 trillion climate change plan that would bring the United States to net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. The plan involves charging a $15 fee for each metric ton of carbon dioxide emitted, which would then raise by $10 year after year. Fossil fuel subsidies would end, and states would receive grants for preventing forest fires, using electric transportation and reducing emissions. Delaney also wants to create a “Climate Corps” that would tie into his plan to introduce a new national service program.

National Service

Delaney has proposed a national service program for young people graduating from high school. The plan would aim to enroll 200,000 high school graduates in the first year of the program, which would provide incentives to work on various building and infrastructure projects managed by both nonprofit and for-profit companies.

Closing the Wealth Gap

Delaney does not support the idea of a wealth tax, a la that of Elizabeth Warren, and has even argued that it might not be constitutional. Instead, he has proposed raising the tax rate on capital gains and matching it with the normal income tax rate. “What I’d like to do is reform the capital gain system,” he told CNBC in December. “I think capital gains and ordinary income rates should be the same unless you own the asset for a very long time.”

Guns

Delaney has said he wants to take a three-pointed approach to gun control that involves universal background checks, limiting the availability of military-style assault rifles, and passing a national red flag law, which would allow Americans to argue to a court that someone who poses a danger to them should not be permitted to carry a firearm.

Criminal Justice Reform

In April, Delaney introduced a 13-point plan to address criminal justice disparity. “Our criminal justice system has a demonstrated clear bias against people of color,” he wrote. “Black people, who are approximately 13% of the US population, make up 40% of the incarcerated population.” The plan includes ending for-profit prisons, ending mandatory minimum sentences, removing marijuana from Schedule 1 of the Controlled Substances Act, heightening transparency within police departments, and funding for programs to reduce recidivism.

Immigration

Delaney believes in a path for citizenship for undocumented immigrants brought to the United States as children. However, he doesn’t believe that border crossings should be decriminalized. “I just don’t think at this moment in time when we have a huge kind of surge at our border sending a message that we’re going to decriminalize crossings is the right thing to do,” he told The Hill.

Foreign Policy

Delaney has criticized President Trump for pulling the United States out of the Iran nuclear deal. He has also supported the president’s willingness to sit down with Kim Jong-un, and has praised the “progress” made regarding North Korea. When the New York Times asked Delaney in June whether there would be troops in Afghanistan at the end of his first term in office, he said it is “in our self-interest as a country to keep a small presence there.”

Free College

Delaney wants to allow student loan debt to be discharged through bankruptcy.

Legal Weed

At a town hall event hosted by CNN in March, Delaney said he believes marijuana should be reclassified on a federal level. “I think the federal government should get out of the way and let [the movement at the state level to legalize marijuana] continue,” he said. “Because right now the federal government is blocking it by keeping marijuana as a scheduled substance.”

“I’m in favor of that, which would basically get marijuana out of the shadows, and get it into a market where it could be regulated, where we can make sure it’s labeled and distributed appropriately, where we can tax it,” he added.

Abolishing the Electoral College

Delaney has not joined some of his more progressive competitors in calling for the abolition of the Electoral College. “If I was starting from scratch, yes, but trying to abolish the electoral college now is impractical,” he told the Washington Post.

Packing the Supreme Court

Delaney does not believe in altering the makeup of the Supreme Court. “I think if we make this election about completely changing the United States of America, that feels really risky to me,” he told New Hampshire Public Radio when asked about adding justices to the court or abolishing the electoral college.

Reproductive Rights

Delaney supports abortion rights and has defended government funding of Planned Parenthood. “I’m going to fight extreme right-wing attempts to defund Planned Parenthood in Congress every step of the way,” he said in 2017.

Voting Rights

While in Congress, Delaney introduced the Open Our Democracy Act, which would prohibit gerrymandering and require an independent commission to draw congressional boundaries. Delaney also supports automatic voter registration, making Election Day a national holiday and restoring the Voting Rights Act.

Reparations

Delaney has said he would support H.R. 40, a bill that would create a commission to study and develop reparation proposals for African Americans.

Democratic presidential candidate Michael Bennet speaks during the Iowa Democratic Party's Hall of Fame Celebration, in Cedar Rapids, IowaElection 2020 Iowa, Cedar Rapids, USA - 09 Jun 2019

Michael Bennet


The Climate Crisis

Bennet has released a climate change plan he has dubbed “America’s Climate Change Plan.” It calls for net-zero emissions by 2050 at the latest and would use, as Bennet puts it “every diplomatic and economic tool available to assert America’s leadership in this critical fight.” The plan would also seek to “conserve 30 percent of America’s lands and oceans by 2030,” incentivize power providers to offer zero-emission energy, create a “Climate Bank” that lead to $10 trillion in private sector investment in innovation and infrastructure and more.

Campaign Cash

Bennet has released a multi-faceted plan to “fix our broken politics.” It involves overturning Citizens United, heightening transparency of Super PACs and other fundraising mechanisms (including social media ads), cracking down on campaign finance violations, banning members of Congress from ever becoming lobbyists, requiring all presidential candidates to release their tax returns, and more. “So much of what we got to get done — from climate to health care to changing the tax code — is going to require us to change the way our politics works,” Bennet said on a conference call in June. “Our plan responds to that by taking on the corruption in Washington and at the same time strengthening our democracy. It attempts to take the money out of politics and put the American people back in.”

Medicare-for-All

Bennet does not support Medicare-for-All, instead favoring an expansion of the Affordable Care Act called “Medicare X.” Like other candidates who do not support a single-payer health care system, Bennet has warned that the the plan favored by progressives is not what it seems. “When you tell people the first thing about Medicare-for-All — either that it takes insurance away from 180 million Americans that have it through their employer or the taxes we would have to pay to afford that $30 trillion program — that 70 percent support falls to the mid-30s,” Bennet said on CNN in May. “I think we need to level with the American people.”

Bennet even used his opposition to Medicare-for-All to solicit donations.

In July, Bennet unveiled a plan to expand access to health care services in rural areas of America though Medicare X. The plan would invest in telemedicine (allowing doctors to see patients over video conference), expanding rural broadband, a measures aimed at combating the opioid epidemic, and more. “Rural Americans currently face unique challenges to accessing high-quality, affordable health care,” the introduction to his plan reads. “In 2019, 37% of counties—almost all of them in rural and small-town America, and home to nearly one in five Americans—had only one insurer on the Affordable Care Act exchanges. Chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes, are more prevalent in rural communities. And the lack of providers and insurers has resulted in higher costs and lower quality of care.”

Closing the Wealth Gap

Bennet has not proposed raising taxes on the wealthy, but his American Family Act would greatly expand the child tax credit, which currently provides up to $2,000 per child up to the age of 17. This plan would benefit lower-class and middle-class families with children, and, according to Vox, could cut poverty in the United States by over a third.

Free College

Bennet has not released a higher education plan, but his campaign told the New York Times that he wants to make sure “college students can pursue their studies without incurring the crushing burden of debt; more people seeking an alternative to college can pursue high-quality apprenticeships and job training; and Americans throughout their lives can advance their careers by improving their existing job skills or learning new ones.”

A former superintendent of the Denver public school system, Bennet has also promised to ensure all children are able to receive high-quality education, beginning in early childhood.

Abolishing the Electoral College

Bennet believes the Electoral College should be abolished. “The electoral college is outdated,” one of his Facebook ads reads. “Americans should directly elect our presidents.”

Packing the Supreme Court

Bennet does not believe in adding justice to the Supreme Court, and has argued that amending the court in response to what has transpired during Trump’s presidency would be stooping to the level of Republicans. “Having seen up close just how cynical and how vicious the tea party guys and the Freedom Caucus guys and Mitch McConnell have been, the last thing I want to do is be those guys,” Bennet told the Washington Post in March. “What I want to do is beat these guys so that we can begin to govern again.”

Reproductive Rights

Bennet has promised to “do everything [he] possibly can” to protect Roe v. Wade.

Immigration

Bennet has bashed Trump’s approach to immigration, and in March reiterated his belief that a pathway to citizenship should be provided for undocumented immigrants brought to the United States when they were children. “Since President Trump announced his decision to end the DACA program last September, more than 21,000 Dreamers have lost their status,” he wrote on his website. “Beginning today, that number will rise at a dramatic rate, putting thousands more DACA recipients at risk. For months, I worked with a bipartisan group of senators to find a solution that protects Dreamers and keeps families together. We’ll continue fighting in Congress for a legislative fix, but let’s be clear: the onus falls on President Trump to fix the crisis he created.”

Legal Weed

In February, Bennet sponsored the Marijuana Justice Act, which would end the federal prohibition of cannabis. “This long-overdue change will help bring our marijuana laws into the 21st century,” he said at the time. “It’s past time we bring fairness and relief to communities that our criminal justice system has too often left behind.”

Voting Rights

Included in Bennet’s plan to “fix our broken democracy” are several measures aimed at protecting the integrity of elections. He has called for automatic voter registration, making Election Day a national holiday, restoring voting rights to the formerly incarcerated, requiring states to allow students to vote where they attend school, and more.

Democratic candidate for United States President, Congressman Tim Ryan addresses the Politics and Eggs gathering at the St Anselm College New Hampshire Institute of Politics in Manchester, New Hampshire, USA, 11 June 2019.Democratic candidate for United States President, Congressman Tim Ryan campaigns in New Hampshire, Manchester, USA - 11 Jun 2019

Tim Ryan


Medicare-for-All

Ryan is a co-sponsor of the Medicare-for-All legislation introduced to the House of Representatives in February. “We need to move toward a single-payer system,” he told the New York Times in June. “I think the natural next step is to have some public option for people to be able to buy affordable, accessible, quality health care. We tried really hard during the Obamacare debates to get the public option in. I think that is the natural next step for us to take.”

The Climate Crisis

Ryan said in an April interview that his first priority as president would be creating a new U.S industrial policy, and that addressing the climate crisis must be a part of that policy. “A lot of it should be focused around decarbonizing the United States and making sure we are leading the world in reversing climate change,” he said. Ryan’s approach centers on renewable energy. “There’s so many industries out there growing,” he said on The View in April. “Wind and solar is growing at 25 percent to 30 percent a year. By 2030, there’s gonna be 30 million electric vehicles. I want those vehicles made in the United States.”

Ryan also supports re-entering the Paris climate accord.

Closing the Wealth Gap

Ryan has attacked Trump’s 2017 tax cut for the wealthy as a “scam” and “trickle-down” economics. As a candidate he’s called for rewriting the tax code to spur the growth of electric car and solar panel manufacturing. “Research, infrastructure, incentives in the tax code [will] help us organize and dominate the growing industries like electric vehicles and Solar,” he tweeted in May. “China/German have industrial policy. We need one here. Gov needs to create the environment for business to thrive.”

Ryan’s campaign has focused on dealing with the hollowing out of the manufacturing industry, which he has experienced firsthand in Congress — Lordstown, Ohio, where a major GM plant recently shut down, is in his district. He sees electric cars and renewable energy as the future where the traditional manufacturing industry is failing. Ryan has also called for a general raise in wages through a $15 national minimum wage.

Guns

Ryan used to have an A rating from the NRA, but he distanced himself from the gun lobbying group after the 2012 Sandy Hook mass shooting and is now a vocal proponent of universal background checks, reinstating federal funding for gun-violence research, and raising the age limit on certain gun purchases. “Let me say that we have not done enough to prevent gun violence in this country. I support background checks. I support increased research. I support comprehensive gun safety reforms. Our kids need to feel safe in school and in our communities,” he tweeted in March.

Foreign Policy

Foreign policy isn’t a focus of Ryan’s message, but he has called for tougher tax and trade policies so that the U.S. can better compete with China. “If you’re going to be competitive, you have to compete against China, which I see as the big competitor,” he told Rolling Stone in April. “Russia’s messing with us, but China’s coming in for the kill.”

During the first Democratic debate in June, Ryan stressed to need to remain “engaged” in Afghanistan. “The lesson that I’ve learned over the years is that you have to stay engaged in these situations,” he said. “Nobody likes it. It’s long. It’s tedious. But right now … I would say we must be engaged in this. We must have our State Department engaged. We must have our military engaged to the extent they need to be.” He was swiftly rebuked by Tulsi Gabbard. “Is that what you will tell the parents of those two soldiers who were just killed in Afghanistan?” she replied.

Free College

Ryan supported a suite of bills in 2018 that would ensure debt-free and tuition-free public college. Regarding education, he has devoted time as a presidential candidate to focusing on a push for the integration of Social and Emotional Learning into the education system.

Immigration

Ryan has yet to roll out an immigration plan as part of his 2020 campaign. As a congressman, he said the U.S. immigration system is “broken,” slammed Trump’s national emergency order regarding the U.S.-Mexico border, and introduced a bill to create a nonpartisan, nine-person commission to come up with better immigration policies and border security measures. While speaking to Meet the Press in July, Ryan said America needs to have “strong border security but still be compassionate.” He refused to answer a question about whether he wold decriminalize border crossings, only offering that he was “open to have a conversation” about it.

Legal Weed

Ryan supports it. In a 2018 CNN op-ed, he said that marijuana should be legal in all 50 states.   

Abolishing the Electoral College

Ryan has not supported changing or eliminating the Electoral College, although he has said he is “open” to it. A key part of his pitch to prospective voters is that he can win his home state of Ohio, a critical battleground state on the way to reaching 270 votes in the Electoral College.

Packing the Supreme Court

Ryan told the Washington Post that he does not support adding justices to the Supreme Court.

Criminal Justice Reform

A co-chair of the House Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus, he co-sponsored the Marijuana Justice Act that would remove weed from the list of Schedule I drugs; get rid of criminal penalties for people who import, export, transport and sell marijuana; and set aside $500 million to invest in building up the marijuana growing and selling industries. He believes every police officer should wear a body camera, and voted in favor of the First Step Act.

Voting Rights

As a congressman, Ryan has opposed efforts to restrict people’s right to vote. He calls voting rights “a cornerstone of our democracy.”

Reproductive Rights

Ryan switched his position from anti-abortion to pro-choice in 2015: “[W]hile there are people of good conscience on both sides of this argument, one thing has become abundantly clear to me: the heavy hand of government must not make this decision for women and families.”

Reparations

Ryan is a co-sponsor of H.R. 40, a bill that would create a commission to study and develop reparation proposals for African Americans. Such a commission would “help us understand exactly what the numbers are that we’re talking about,” he said in an interview on the Breakfast Club.

Mayor of Miramar, Florida and Democratic candidate for United States President Wayne Messam addresses members of the New Hampshire Young Democrats at A&E Coffee / Apotheca Flower and Tea Shoppe in Goffstown, New Hampshire, USA 21 May 2019. Messam, the son of Jamaican immigrants, is on a two day campaign swing through New Hampshire, the first state to hold a primary for the 2020 Presidential election.Mayor of Miramar, Florida and Democratic candidate for United States President Wayne Messam, campaigns in New Hampshire, Goffstown, USA - 21 May 2019

Wayne Messam


Free College

The tentpole of Messam’s campaign is his proposal to cancel all $1.5 trillion of outstanding student loan debt. “It is time for the federal government to cancel all federal and private student loans,” his website reads. “This one-time policy would boost the annual GDP between $86 billion and $108 billion and create 1 million to 1.5 million new jobs each year.”

Messam’s plan calls for all 44 million Americans with outstanding student loan debt to be informed of its relief within 60 days. The United States Treasury would pay off the debt. Messam argues that lifting this economic burden off tens of millions of Americans would outweigh the financial cost to the nation, which he says would ultimately be paid for by canceling the Trump’s tax cut for the wealthy that was passed in 2017.

Medicare-for-All

Messam has said he supports the idea of Medicare-for-All, and is open to a system that retains the private insurance industry. “As President, I will be open to ideas to fix a broken system that right now does more to protect the bottom line of insurance and pharmaceutical companies than protecting patients,” his website reads.

Closing the Wealth Gap

Messam has proposed canceling the Trump administration’s 2017 tax cut for the wealthy. He tweeted in June that all Americans “should earn a wage that allows them to meet their basic needs.”

The Climate Crisis

Messam told the Washington Post that he supports “the urgency and the end goal” of the Green New Deal, but has said that he will unveil his own climate policy. He was also one of 407 mayors to sign a pledge to uphold the principles of the Paris climate accord despite President Trump’s decision to remove the United States from the agreement.

Guns

Messam has been strong on gun safety, and has often cited the shooting at Parkland, which is less than 50 miles away from his home of Miramar, in calling for reform. His goals as president are pretty ambitious: “It will be my goal as your President to cut gun deaths in half by the end of my first term, with the goal to eliminate this threat entirely by the end of my presidency,” his website reads.

Foreign Policy

Though he hasn’t offered many specifics, Messam has said that “we need to change course, rebuild our fractured alliances and lead by example” on the global stage. He has also advocated for a two-state solution to the conflict between Israel and Palestine.

Immigration

Messam has said that America’s immigration system needs to be overhauled. “Washington had failed the American people when it comes to immigration,” he told CBS in April, adding that “when we have a process and a political will in place to ensure comprehensive immigration reform, we will be able to subside some of the issues that we are currently seeing right now.”

Legal Weed

Messam has said that states should be able to legalize marijuana without interference from the federal government.

Abolishing the Electoral College

Messam believes the Electoral College should be abolished. “It’s very rare that I will say this, but Donald Trump was correct. He once called the electoral college a ‘disaster for democracy.’ Boy, was he right,” Messam told the Washington Post. “If we believe [every vote counts], we shouldn’t have a system where a candidate can lose by three million votes and somehow be declared the winner.”

Packing the Supreme Court

Messam is open to the idea of adding justices to the Supreme Court. “Make no mistake, the court is already packed,” he told the Washington Post. “If Senator McConnell chooses to play by a different set of rules, as he so often does, then so will I.”

Reproductive Rights

“As President, I will vigorously defend the a woman’s right to choose and nominate a @USSupremeCourt justice that recognizes his question became settled law in 1973,” Messam tweeted in May.

Voting Rights

“Across this country, voting rights are under attack as politicians create barriers that make it harder for people to register to vote and cast their ballots, cut back early voting, and engage in unconstitutional acts of voter suppression,” Messam’s website reads, adding that “we must protect Americans’ right to vote regardless of economic and societal status — not limit participation in the democratic process and discriminate against our own people.”

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