"Within You Without You" (1967)
The Beatles had recorded the bitter George Harrison composition "Only a Northern Song" during sessions for Sgt. Pepper, but Martin's intense dislike of the song (he later called it "the song I hated most of all" from Harrison) caused him to block its inclusion on the album. Instead, Harrison submitted the regal "Within You Without You" to his musical comrades about a month later. Martin oversaw a gorgeous East-meets-West arrangement that blended Indian instrumentation with a swooping string section. Its inclusion on Sgt. Pepper cemented Indian music's place in the soundtrack of the sixties.