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Musicians Visit Cuba: A Look Back

In advance of Stones’ big Havana show, we recap six decades of historic trips

Diplo; Cuba

Diplo, a DJ and producer, performing with his Caribbean-influenced electronic group Major Lazer at a concert at the Jose Marti Anti-Imperialist monument in Havana, March 6, 2016. The event was the first concert by a major American pop act since the reinstatement of diplomatic relations between the two countries in December 2014 and had an estimated 450,000 in attendance. (Lisette Poole/The New York Times)

Lisette Poole/Redux

Despite its troubled political history, Cuba has generally enjoyed a warm relationship with international musicians. Over the years, a handful of artists in a variety of genres have traveled to the embargoed nation as cultural students and unofficial diplomatic representatives. For decades, the Cuban government placed a strict ban on rock music in the name of "ideological deviation," but these restrictions are becoming more relaxed.

The Rolling Stones have taken advantage of the thawing relations by announcing a free show in Havana on March 25th — taking place less than a week after Barack and Michelle Obama's arrival there — to conclude their Latin American tour. "We have performed in many special places during our long career but this show in Havana is going to be a landmark event for us," the band said in a press release. They follow Diplo and Major Lazer, who played an open-air concert to a crowd of half a million Cubans on March 6th

As Cuba's iron curtain continues to fall, here is a brief history of musicians who have made the trip to perform or merely learn.

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Audioslave (2005)

Building on the progress made at Havana Jam 25 years earlier, Chris Cornell and Co. became the first American band to rock out on Cuban soil during an open-air concert on May 6th, 2005. More than 65,000 Cubans jammed into Havana's José Martí Anti-Imperialist Platform to see what Cornell claimed was the longest set Audioslave had ever played. They included material from the first two Audioslave albums, as well as past tracks from their prior bands, Soundgarden and Rage Against the Machine. A concert film, Live in Cuba, was released that fall.

"I really didn't think the same after I left," Cornell later told ABC. "I really understood what music is and how it's that language that everybody speaks no matter what other audible language you speak."

High Strung

Lisa Marie Krug/Flickr Creative Commons

The High Strung (2009)

In one of the most unusual Cuban performances in recent memory, the Detroit-based indie-rock band accepted an invitation to play a show in the library of Guantanamo Bay. The U.S. military prison was an odd venue choice for a band of avowed pacifists, who had made headlines in 2005 for doing a tour of Michigan libraries to promote reading. Presumably the Armed Forces picked up on the story and hoped the Gitmo servicemen would be amused.

The High Strung, for their part, were understandably nervous about the whole endeavor. "It was like the Three Stooges going to Guantanamo Bay," singer Josh Malerman told the Agit Reader. "We had German Shepherds smelling our bags and our gear." The performance went off without incident.

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Calle 13 (2010)

The Puerto Rican hip-hop collective sparked controversy during an outdoor concert in Havana when lead singer René Pérez hurled verbal abuse at the nearby "U.S. Interests Section" — which the United States kept in place of a diplomatic embassy until 2015. Their criticism continued when they performed "Querido FBI" ("Dear FBI"), a song dedicated to a noted Puerto Rican nationalist killed during an FBI shoot out in 2005. "He was a good Boricua," Pérez told the crowd of 250,000 Cubans, "and they killed him." 

Calle 13 faced criticism from Cuban expats in the United States directly affected by Castro's repressive regime.

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Beyoncé and Jay Z (2013)

Pop music's first couple made worldwide headlines when they took a Cuban vacation to celebrate their fifth wedding anniversary. The seemingly benign trip turned into a minor scandal when they were accused of violating the trade embargo by paying for a state-sponsored cultural tour. The incident was an embarrassing moment for Cuban-American relations, which had been steadily improving throughout the 21st century. Ultimately, the trip was declared legal in a nine-page report from the U.S. Treasury Department.

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The Dead Daisies (2015)

The Aussie-American rockers were invited to Havana as guests of the Cuban Ministry of Culture, Cuban Institute of Music and the Cuban Rock Agency in early 2015. While there, they jammed in a recording studio with local musicians, conducted workshops in Cuban schools and played several sets. The trip culminated in the Cuba Rocks for Peace concert, which attracted a crowd of more than 6,000. "The week in Cuba was unbelievable," enthused guitarist Dave Lowy to Loudwire. "It was one of the best musical experiences of my life."

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Major Lazer (2016)

When the electro prince and his posse stormed Havana's Anti-Imperialist Platform on March 6th, the 400,000 Cubans in attendance weren't completely sure what to expect. "It's amazing because we have never received someone like him," a local music fan told a reporter for Pitchfork. Major Lazer is the first EDM act to ever play in Cuba, ushering in a new kind of cultural exchange. The concert, 14 months in the making, was entirely self-funded. "We came to bring peace," Diplo announced from the stage.

The appearance preceded Barack Obama's historic visit by just a few days. "I was lucky enough to visit Cuba a few years back with my friends Calle 13," Diplo tweeted after the event. "And during my four days there, my mind was blown by the people, depth of culture and their way of life."

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