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Blues Genes: 15 of Jack White’s Biggest Influences

From blues outsiders to punk royalty, the inspiration army that shaped the sound of contemporary rock’s great eccentric

Jack White's Most Important Influences

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Trying to trace Jack White's many influences yields something like a map of Old Weird America that's both ancient and up-to-the-minute. With the White Stripes, the Raconteurs, the Dead Weather and his booming solo career, the Rolling Stone cover star specializes in updating old sounds and vintage vibes into a post-modern blues-rock pastiche. And even when the influences are recognizable, White puts it across with an elan very much his own. In advance of the upcoming Lazaretto, we've narrowed White's voluminous list of influences down to a few key sources. By David Menconi

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Blind Willie McTell

"Nobody can sing the blues like Blind Willie McTell," Bob Dylan sang on his Eighties-vintage song about the Piedmont blues legend. Jack White would agree, but would mention that McTell could do a lot more. "I like the sense he wasn't just a blues singer," White told the Los Angeles Times. "He was a street-corner entertainer who would play in front of Piggly Wiggly markets and stuff." The White Stripes dedicated their 2000 album De Stijl to McTell and covered one of his songs on it, "Southern Can Is Mine." White's Third Man Records started a reissue campaign of McTell's complete catalog – on vinyl, of course – in 2013.

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Wanda Jackson

White oversaw Wanda Jackson's 2011 album The Party Ain't Over, surrounding the raspy voice of the Rock and Roll Hall of Famer with some rocked-up bombast. The result got Jackson, "the Queen of Rockabilly," onto the Billboard 200 for the first time ever – the oldest female on that chart at 73 years old, breaking a record previously set by Mae West in the Sixties. White made the late-night television rounds with Jackson, and he also presented her Lifetime Achievement Award from Americana Music Association at Nashville's Ryman Auditorium.

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The Monks

If Captain Beefheart's primitivism just isn't raw enough for your tastes, there's also this blissfully weird outsider-art garage band comprised of American military service personnel stationed in Germany in the Sixties. They only released one album, 1966's Black Monk Time. But that was enough to hook White, who calls them "anti-Beatles" and says of their songcraft, "Their melodies were pop-destructive and must be played to your younger brother."

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Johnny Cash

The reputation of the late, great Man in Black is such that just about everyone claims him as an influence to some degree. But Johnny Cash is especially key for Jack White because he demonstrated that it's possible to be a super-cool religiously devout party animal while appealing to country fans, hippies and punks alike. White works a similar set of borders, sometimes quite overtly. In 2010, he played guitar on the Americana duo Secret Sisters' fine cover of Cash's "Big River," which White's Third Man Records released – along with a proper seven-inch reissue of Cash's own Sun Records hit "Get Rhythm" in 2013.

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Charley Patton

Another greatest hit from Jack White's Mississippi blues pantheon is Charley Patton, "Father of the Delta Blues." White can be downright puritanical about Patton's importance, declaring that, "If a musician listens to Charley Patton and doesn't hear anything at all, I don't think they should call themselves musicians, because they're obviously just looking for fun and kicks and a good time out of it." No surprise that Patton has also come in for the reissue treatment from White's Third Man Records with 2013's The Complete Recorded Works in Chronological Order Volume 1.