Jay-Z: 50 Greatest Songs

With a rhyme career going since the late Eighties, Jay-Z's songs have been reflective, pop, confessional, hard-edged and indelible. Here are his best

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2. "Dead Presidents II" (1996)

Released in February 1996, the original "Dead Presidents" found Jay-Z twisting lyrics about fake thugs "scared to throw your toast," and spouting claims about "representing infinity with presidencies," all in a deftly loquacious style that bore the hallmarks of peak Mafioso rap. But when his debut Reasonable Doubt dropped later that June, he offered two fresh verses that plumbed deeper subject matter. He alludes to the shooting of DeHaven Irby, a childhood friend who taught him the drug game ("On the uptown high block he got his side sprayed up") and recalls how he dodged a few deadly shots of his own ("I had near brushes, not to mention, three shots close range"). He weaves notes on his baller superiority ("Roc-A-Fella, don't get it corrected, this shit is perfected") with biographical asides, making for a poignant and superior sequel. Producer Ski Beatz' blend of Lonnie Liston Smith's "A Garden of Peace" with Nas' "The World Is Yours" laid the groundwork for future drama. "I just threw that sample in there to see if it worked because I liked Nas' voice," Ski told Complex in 2010. But when Nas turned down Jay's offer to re-do the chorus – AZ appeared in the "Dead Presidents" video instead – it led to one of the greatest rivalries in hip-hop history.

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