George Martin: 20 Great Non-Beatles Productions

Cheap Trick, Elton John, James Bond and more

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Ray Cathode, "Waltz In Orbit" (1962)

"Creating atmosphere and sound pictures ... that was my bag," George Martin has said of his work on Sgt. Pepper's. Shortly after meeting the Beatles, Martin and Maddalena Fagandini cut the first commercial release from the BBC's Radiophonic Workshop, a mad scientist's laboratory for new sound effects. Credited to "Ray Cathode," their instrumental single featured the Latin-tinged A-side "Time Beat" and its even more outlandish B-side. "Waltz in Orbit" superimposes a jazzy waltz on top of one of Fagandini's interval signals, a sound played to identify breaks in international programs. Some have heard the seeds of Revolver's sonic innovations here. R.G.

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