Beyond Bonnie and Clyde: 10 Infamous Crime Spree Couples - Rolling Stone
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Beyond Bonnie and Clyde: 10 Infamous Crime Spree Couples

From murderers to bank robbers to child abductors, lovers to avoid

Bonnie Clyde Criminal Couples Smiling Fitzgerald Nicole Harper

Brittany Harper and Blake Fitzgerald stole cars, kidnapped at gunpoint, and robbed hotels – though they never killed anyone.

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Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow weren't the first criminal couple, and Blake Fitzgerald and Brittany Harper certainly won't be the last – from bank robbery and kidnapping to rape, murder and even cannibalism, some of the most shocking crime sprees have been pulled off by outlaw lovers. Whether motivated by a mundane need to pay the household bills, a twisted desire to prove their devotion, or nightmarish sexual perversions, these 10 notorious partners in crime give love a very bad name.

Criminal Couple Henry Lucas and Ottis Toole

Henry Lucas and Ottis Toole were lovers and sadistic killers who may have killed hundreds during the 1970s and 1980s.

Henry Lucas and Ottis Toole

Rap Sheet: Toole was convicted of six murders and Lucas was convicted of 11, but the lovers confessed to hundreds more (separately and together), as well as arson and cannibalism.

Crime History: Exactly how many people Henry Lucas and Ottis Toole murdered is a subject of debate. Lucas had been raised by an abusive mother who forced him to copulate with dead animals. He stabbed her to death in 1960, and had been in and out of jail when he and Toole, a cannibal with a fifth-grade education, met at a soup kitchen in 1976. They soon began a sexual relationship. Together they established the standard for psychopathic serial killer behavior, abducting, raping, and murdering as they drifted around the country. Their exploits would inspire the 1986 classic Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer.

In 1983, Toole was imprisoned for arson in Florida and sentenced to 20 years in prison. Lucas was arrested two months later for possession of a deadly weapon, and soon began boasting about the murderous rampage he and Toole had supposedly committed during their relationship. At first, Toole denied any involvement, but later corroborated Lucas's claims.

After being convicted of multiple slayings, Toole confessed to many more – including the 1981 murder of Adam Walsh, son of John Walsh of "America's Most Wanted" – and died in jail of cirrhosis in 1996. Lucas, meanwhile, confessed to hundreds of murders, and was eventually convicted of 11 homicides, including the death of Frieda Powell, Toole's young niece, and 82-year-old Kate Rich. He was also convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of an unidentified woman, dubbed "Orange Socks" because that was all the clothing that was found on her body when it was discovered. By 1986 he'd helped to clear 213 unsolved cases. 

But that year the Texas Attorney General's office compared Lucas's claims to verified reports on his whereabouts at the time, and found enough contradictions to make Attorney General call his confessions a hoax. Toole died in prison in 2001, taking any chance of learning the true extent of his crimes with him.

Criminal Couples Caril Fugate and Charles Starkweather smoking resting

The killing spree of Caril Fugate and Charles Starkweather inspired "Natural Born Killers."


Charles Starkweather and Caril Fugate

Rap Sheet: Eleven murders in total for Starkweather, with Fugate serving as accomplice for 10 of them.

Crime History: In January 1958, in Lincoln, Nebraska, 15-year-old Caril Fugate arrived home to discover that her boyfriend of two years, 20-year-old Charles Starkweather – who styled himself like a wannabe James Dean – had killed her mother, stepfather and baby half sister. The disposed of the bodies and stayed in the house for several days. When neighbors began to grow suspicious of the absent family, they fled and went on a violent road trip across the state, committing a string of robberies and seven additional murders before their arrest. What contributed to the terror was the seeming randomness of the victims, who were young and old, male and female, rich and poor, acquaintances and strangers. 

Depending on who you believe, Fugate either willingly participated in the murders or was Starkweather's hostage, doing what he told her out of fear that he would kill her next. After the murders of Fugate’s family members, the couple headed to 70-year-old August Meyer’s home in Bennet, Nebraska, where Starkweather fatally shot the old man and then savagely beat his dog to death. (Fugate would later claim Starkweather’s brutality convinced her that the only way to survive was to obey.) Later that night, Robert Jensen, 17, and his girlfriend Carol King, 16, offered the couple a ride; after raping King, Starkweather fatally shot both teens and left their bodies in a storm cellar.

The pair returned to Lincoln, Neb., killing three, then headed to Wyoming. There, Starkweather shot and killed Merle Collison, who had pulled over to take a nap off the side of the road, stuffing his body beneath the dashboard. However, before they had a chance to take off, another driver pulled over thinking they were in need of help; after spotting Collison's lifeless body, Starkweather pulled out his shotgun and he and the man struggled. Thankfully, a deputy sheriff happened to show up just in time, prompting Starkweather to jump in the vehicle and flee the scene, leaving Fugate behind. Police set up a roadblock and were ready for Starkweather when he tried to blow through a nearby town, reportedly going 100 mph. After an exchange of gunfire with police, he finally surrendered. 

Starkweather admitted to committing the majority (but not all) of the murders, while Fugate claimed she was innocent and had been held hostage, but the jury didn't buy it. Starkweather was actually only tried for a single murder, but he was sentenced to death and executed in June 1959. Fugate was convicted for her role in the spree killings and served 17 years in prison before she was released in 1976. Their crime spree inspired the movie Natural Born Killers and Bruce Springsteen's "Nebraska."

Criminal Couple Martha Beck and Raymond Fernandez Speaking Lawyer

Raymond Fernandez and Martha Beck, "The Lonely Heart Killers," after they were captured in 1949

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Martha Beck and Raymond Fernandez

Rap Sheet: Believed to have murdered as many as 20 women between 1947 and 1949, each was convicted of three murders.

Crime History: Much has been made about the dangers of online dating, but things weren’t really any safer when singles searched for love through "lonely heart" newspaper ads. In 1947, Raymond Fernandez, a deadbeat dad and thief who fancied himself a ladies man, responded to Martha Beck’s ad, and quickly had the single mother of two under his spell. Leaving her children with the Salvation Army, Beck, 27, moved in with Fernandez, 33, in New York. With Beck posing as Fernandez's sister-in-law, they combed the personal ads to find women to seduce, rob and, eventually, murder older women – leading to their nickname the "Lonely Hearts Killers." They were caught in 1949, after killing a young widow named Delphine Downing and her two-year-old daughter, Rainelle, in Michigan, whose disappearance prompted neighbors to call the police.

While Beck and Fernandez boasted about killing as many as 20 women, who they are said to have found through classified ads just as they marked their robbery victims, there was only enough evidence to charge them for three murders. One was Janet Fay in New York – who Fernandez had seduced and invited to move in with them, leading Beck to allegedly kill her in a jealous rage – and the others, Delphine and Rachelle Downing in Michigan. But because Michigan did not have the death penalty, they were extradited back to NY, where they stood trial and were convicted for the one murder, and sentenced to death. On May 8, 1951, both were executed by electrocution. Beck's last words included: "What does it matter who is to blame? My story is a Love Story…but only those tortured with love, can understand what I mean.…  In the History of the World, how many crimes have been attributed to Love?" 

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