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50 Best Stand-Up Comics of All Time

From old-school nightclub veterans to alt-comedy legends, Patton Oswalt to Pryor, our picks for the greatest to ever grab a mic

Cavemen whacked one another in the nuts for cheap yuks, and Medieval fools jabbered in a flop sweat to keep from being beheaded. But the idea of getting onstage in front of strangers, just one person and a spotlight, and talking until they crack up – that’s new. Stand-up comedy grew out of minstrelsy and then vaudeville, which only makes it about a century old, tops. Some of the best practitioners of the form are still alive … or at the very least, haven’t been in the ground all that long. And even as the medium has morphed from one-liner artists to political satirists, from social-taboo tweakers to didja-ever-notice observational humorists, from the club-comic bubble of the 1980s to the the alt-comedy boom of the 1990s, it usually boils down to a fairly simple set-up. A man or woman walk into a bar (or a club, or a theater, or an arena …) . They eventually exit stage left and leave a lot of laughing folks in their wake.

So you’d think assembling a list of the 50 greatest stand-ups of all time would be easy right? Riiiight. Ha!

In coming up with our version of a comic canon, we weighed artistic merit, technical proficiency and sense of timing, quality of their written material, their delivery and degree of influence — and often, their sense of what makes something, anything, funny. No disrespect to the foundational figures who shaped the earliest incarnations, but this list tiptoes past some of the early craftsmen and focuses on the unique voices who have helped to push stand-up forward in more recent days. These 50 stand-ups best embody what we have come to expect of our modern-day comedians: Someone who can wake us up to the weird, wonderful possibilities of the world around us, impel us to think differently about our own lives – and most of all, make us howl like blithering idiots.

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41

Bernie Mac

"I ain't scared of you motherfuckers" – it was the large-and-in-charge line that launched a career and turned Bernie Mac's appearance on the original Def Comedy Jam into a flashpoint. His legendary set solidified the Chicago native as a big, braggadocious comic with a peculiarly magnetic delivery and a habit of squeezing every last bit of air from his lungs to make a point … especially if that point was embedded in one of his exasperated stories of child rearing. "See, I'm from the old school. I'll kick a kid ass," Mac would explain in Spike Lee's The Original Kings of Comedy concert movie, before imagining the boxing match he'd have with his sister's two-year-old. Politically correct he was not. But the late, great Mac's wide-eyed, foul-mouthed charms spoke directly to black audiences – and anybody savvy enough to catch on – in a way that put him head and broad shoulders above his peers.

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
40

Garry Shandling

Watch any of Garry Shandling's specials (we recommend Alone in Vegas), and you'll see a charming neurotic burrowing into his looks and his failure with women in an attempt to let his audience breathe easy. On his Late Show debut, his typical self-deprecation came through while considering the end of a date: "This is where I start to wonder if there's going to be any sex, and if I'm going to be involved." His observational anecdotes could be so breezy that even a story about performing with President Bush (the first) could seem like a strangely everyday occurrence. Before he died in 2016, he had been working on a new act: “What I want to happen is that I talk for an hour and the audience doesn't realize it is funny until they're driving home," he told GQ in 2010. That we never got to see that last Zen-like set is a tragedy.

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
39

Moms Mabley

Clad in bright, flowery mumus and floppy hat, Jackie "Moms" Mabley painted a picture from the moment she stepped onstage – an elderly every-grandmother. Then she opened her mouth, revealing a set of toothless gums and belting out a one-liner ("Ain't nothing an old man can do for me but bring me a message from a young one") … and all bets were off. Born on the cusp of the 21st century, the "Original Queen of Comedy" made her mark on the Chitlin Circuit before slaying TV viewers on the Ed Sullivan Show and The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. She recorded 20 plus records; she played both the Apollo and Carnegie Hall. She straddled the divide between the old world of vaudeville and the new, emerging realm of innuendo-laden stand-up, inspiring everyone from LaWanda Page to Whoopi Goldberg. 

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
38

Roseanne Barr

Before she became the sitcom antidote to perky, middle-class moms like Carol Brady, Roseanne Barr broke that image of the chipper, wholesome matriarch over her knee via her blistering stand-up routines. "I hate that word, 'housewife,'" she'd whinge, "I prefer to be called domestic goddess." Her gripes about married life and child-rearing were delivered in that unmistakable nasal tenor; you knew her act wouldn't be a cup of warm milk and a lullaby. Watching her debut set on The Tonight Show, you can already see her mining the ground she'd end up colonizing and outright owning: speaking for a populace of average Americans unused to seeing themselves on TV. Every blue-collar comedian owes her a debt.

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
37

Sam Kinison

Oh Oh OHHHHHHHHH! The former Texas evangelist found what would be less a simple comedic tool than a soul-baring, supernatural gesture that would define his entire onstage persona: A furious, earsplitting banshee wail. Before opening his mouth like a snake about to swallow an antelope, Kinision could look almost stately in his trenchcoat and his flowing locks spilling out from under a beret. But as religion, love and marriage had all failed him, the primal scream was inevitable. Though his material pushed into misogynistic territory, he would occasionally acknowledge why he never groused about the evils of men: "Because a man never broke my heart," he'd say. “A man never made me want to drive me car into a fucking wall.”

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
36

Daniel Kitson

Fusing stand-up and theater into carefully structured solo ventures, this British comic scrutinizes bits of his biography while contemplating bigger issues the nature of time, memory and individual perception. Kitson's incredible command of language and craft is apparent whether mulling the death of an aunt or a scathing review of his act, as he swirls in and out of odd tangents. And his rumpled presence remains riveting – from that charming little titter to his ability to play with a crowd's "Pavlovian" responses to a bit. Watch the man's live sets on his website, and you can see how he both laid the groundwork for talented storytellers including Mike Birbiglia and Christopher Titus and lays out any potential competition.

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
35

Tig Notaro

Long before her justifiably celebrated "I have cancer" set at Largo in 2012, Tig Notaro was simply a laconic, soft-spoken Southerner with a genuine love for deadpan absurdity. She might spend five minutes doing nothing more than pushing a stool around a stage; if you were lucky, she'd deliver a lengthy exegesis of a Spanish phrase printed on a hotel's "Do Not Disturb" sign or imagine the thought process behind someone telling her "you have small titties" on the street. But even after Notaro had her gamechanging moment, she's continued to blend the confessional and her subjectively cracked outlook on things. More recently, after a double mastectomy in 2014, she got onstage and did her act shirtless – once again transforming her misfortune into mirth with a sharp tongue, a strong point-of-view and a genuine sense of fearlessness.

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
34

Patton Oswalt

A man who once confessed that his "geekiness is getting in the way of [his] nerdiness," Patton Oswalt has more than a little to do with the triumph of dork culture in the new millennium. His obsessions with comic books, genre films and literature gave nerds a champion in the world of stand-up, helping to elevate obscure, semantic arguments to an art form. Line for line, Oswalt is one of comedy’s best image constructors, making his raves or pans into lofty odes or profane little limericks. Take his touchstone bit about the KFC famous bowl; people still holler for it at shows just to hear him talk about the "light brown hillock of glop" he would prefer to eat "like a death row prisoner on suicide watch."

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
33

Janeane Garofalo

Genial, self-deprecating and smart as a whip, Garofalo took on the casually incisive vibe of Mort Sahl while excoriating conservative politicians and making snide asides about bits of pop culture – from the "brilliant thespians" of Beverly Hills, 90210 to baffling Mentos commercials. Even now, Garofalo puts her sensibility and genuine feeling front and center, rather than create some regimented set that times punchlines as if on a metronome. Her comedy was never about dazzling the masses, even when she was the poster child for the then-in-vogue Nineties alterna-sensiiblity; she engages her crowd as though they’re all close friends wrangling with big issues and the latest Kardashian kerfuffle. Her intellectual chops and timing are peerless; her influence on turning the alt-comedy scene into a bona fide renaissance can't be underestimated.

32

Patrice O’Neal

There are comedians who are fascinated with by how far limits can be pushed – and then there's Patrice O'Neal. Political correctness, vows of monogamy and everyday social niceties were roasted on a spit when he took the stage; faced with a fearful but sensitive white dude afraid to seem racist when in Harlem, he responded "Get home, feel guilty, but be alive!" He was a thrilling live performer, prodding members of the crowd to expose some underbelly of desire or prejudice; his gap-toothed grin and little wheeze-laugh could make his most egregious, disturbing notions come off as almost innocent. O'Neal may the true heir to Pryor's legacy. Had he lived another 20 years, he might have been the greatest comic ever.

best comics, best stand-up comics, richard pryor, dave chappelle, funniest stand-ups, jerry seinfeld
31

Sarah Silverman

"I was raped by a doctor, which is so bittersweet for a Jewish girl" – it's a joke that requires just the right tone to get the audience to go along. And Sarah Silverman has a superhuman ability to push irony to its breaking point, touching on issues ranging from anal sex to the Holocaust and relying on a naughty child’s wide-eyed innocence to sell the outrageous statements. Her best bits ask audiences to confront their own prudishness, selfishness and ignorance – she can take a bit about diamonds that sit on the tailbones of Ethiopian babies and imagine her own sort of Swiftian "Modest Proposal" for American consumers. Her filthy-cute persona is just the tip of the social-commentary iceberg.