The Valerie Plame Affair
Also known as the "CIA leak scandal" and "Plamegate," The Valerie Plame Affair refers to the outing of Valerie Plame Wilson as a CIA covert agent in a 2003 newspaper column by Robert Novak. Plame's husband, former Ambassador Joseph Wilson, believed that the Bush administration leaked her status to Novak as payback for a New York Times op-ed in which he charged the adminstration with manipulating intelligence about Saddam's WMD program to justify an invasion of Iraq. A grand jury investigation did not result in the indictment or conviction of anyone for any crime in connection with the leak itself, but Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Chief of Staff of Vice President Dick Cheney, was indicted on one count of obstruction of justice, one count of perjury, and three counts making false statements and after a federal trial was sentenced to 30 months in prison, a fine of US$250,000, and two years of supervised release. President Bush commuted the sentence, but declined to grant a full pardon.