The truth: Not a single case has been found where individual noncitizens intentionally and knowingly registered to vote or voted. And, again, no wonder: The penalty (criminal prosecution and deportation) hardly justifies the payoff – one measly vote. As with other types of alleged fraud, claims are often based on mismatches between voter lists caused by data entry errors or simple misreading.
Typical case: In Washington in 2005, county officials were asked to investigate the citizenship status of 1,668 registered voters based on their "foreign-sounding names." Not a single individual on the submitted list turned out to be a noncitizen.