Pixies seemed to be on the verge of actual mainstream success when "Velouria," the first single from Bossanova, came out in the summer of 1990. Their relentless touring had won them a huge cult fan base (especially in Europe) and Doolittle was blaring out of dorm rooms all over America. MTV was even beginning to play the occasional video by alternative bands, but Pixies didn't see much value in that medium. The video for "Velouria" is simply the group running down a hill in slow motion. It didn't get much airplay and the song didn't do much of anything in America.
Not longer after finishing Bossanova, Black Francis was getting a burrito from Uptown Taco when "Summer in the City" by the Lovin' Spoonful came on the radio. "He turned completely grey," said Boston musician Johnny Angel in the Pixies oral history Fool the World. "He said, 'Listen to it: 'In the summer/ In the city/ In the summer/ In the city,' my God! That's in 'Velouria.' Oh shit!" The songs are dramatically different and it never became an issue.