Innsbruck, Austria (1964)
The Vienna Philharmonic is one of the finest orchestras in the world. And their leader in 1964, Salzburg native Karl Böhm, opened the Innsbruck Games with stunning renditions of Beethoven's 7th and Mozart's 40th Symphony (both composers called Austria home, though Beethoven was born in Germany). Like Sochi – whose critics were quick to call out the absurdity of hosting the Winter Games at a subtropical beach resort – Innsbruck had its own complications that year, with an unseasonable lack of snowfall. And without artificial flakes, which weren't used on a large scale until the 1970s, the industrious Austrian army had to carry 20,000 ice bricks and 40,000 cubic meters of snow from the mountaintops to form the bobsled, luge and skiing courses.