Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (1956)
Thirty-two countries – two more than the '52 Games, and the largest number of participating nations to that point – competed in four sports and twenty-four events in this northern Italian town located in the southern Alps. The Cortina Games were the first Winter Olympics to be broadcast on television, and when the primary cameraman captures another operator at work near the 3:33 mark, you get a real sense of that history in the making. In another first, Italian alpine skier Giuliana Minuzzo became the first woman to administer the Olympic Oath, which promises that athletes will "respect and abide by the rules. . . [and] commit [them]selves to a sport without doping and without drugs, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honor of [their] teams."