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Beyond Pope Francis: 10 More Conservatives Who Have Gone Liberal

Otto Von Bismarck


Otto Von Bismarck
Hulton Archive/Getty Images
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One of the most powerful authoritarian leaders in European history, Bismarck served as Minister President of Prussia from 1862 to 1890, during which time he kicked France's ass in the Franco-Prussian War and unified Germany. The Biz was quite the old-school charmer: "The great questions of the time will not be resolved by speeches and majority decisions," he famously wrote, "but by iron and blood." Yet, in forging a new national identity, Bismarck also enacted universal male suffrage and instituted the world's first universal health care system – a real Velvet Underground moment in the development of the modern welfare state.


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